What thickness should stair treads be? Standard stair tread thickness is from 1” to 1 1/16”. There is no standard thickness for stairs that do not have a riser, which can range from ⅜” to 2” and more – it depends on the width of the riser. Stair treads without risers are typically thicker than treads with risers.
How thick is the wood for a stair risers?
We sell pre-made standard staircase risers of 18mm thickness for hardwoods and 9mm thickness for plywood, and 230mm height. This type of stair riser is supplied in 1m lengths. The pre-made staircase risers we sell can be cut to size during installation.
Can I use 2x10 for stair treads?
It is acceptable and within building code guidelines to use either 2×10 or 2×12 dimensional lumber to create a set of stairs; however, a stair stringer should not be less than 3.5 inches wide at its narrowest point to provide adequate strength for the load the stairs will be supporting.
What wood is best for steps?
Oak is a common type of wood for stair treads. It has a lot of positive qualities that make it a good option. Oak matches virtually any home style and is among the most durable of wood species.
How deep should a stair step be?
A stair tread should be a minimum of 11" deep for stairs used as a means of egress under the 2018 IBC building code. A stair tread should be a minimum 9.5" deep for stairs used as equipment access under the OSHA standards for stairways.
Related guide for What Thickness Should Stair Treads Be?
What depth should steps be?
As a general rule, the riser should be no more than 15 centimetres high (5.9 inches), with the tread at least 30 centimetres (11.81 inches) deep. Landscape architect Thomas D. Church laid out a widely-used measure: twice the height of the riser plus the tread should equal 26 inches (66.04 centimetres).
What is code for stair steps?
The IRC stairs code states that, to comply with stairway requirements, the minimum width for residential stairs be no less than 36 inches. The stair riser code is up to 7.75 inches, and can not vary more than 3/8 of an inch. There are also section codes in place for standard stair tread dimensions.
Can you use plywood for steps?
While ¾” thick plywood or OSB is considered sufficiently thick for subfloors, it is not uncommon to use a thicker material for the stair treads. One inch of total plywood thickness is ideal and can be made from two layers of ½” plywood, bonded together.
Can I make stringers out of 2x10?
Pressure-treated or cedar 2x10 or 2x12 can be used depending on the depth of the cut-outs you'll be using. By code you will need a minimum of 3-1/2" of material left on the stringer after the cut-outs and that area should also be free of large knots which would weaken the stringer.
What size board do I need for stair stringer?
The stair stringers are essentially the backbone of your staircase. Always use straight, high-quality, pressure-treated 2x12s for stair stringers. If you are planning on resting the stringer on the ground, make sure the wood has . 60 RET level.
Is pine or oak better for stairs?
Oak's fine texture make it ideal for treads that will be stained and left uncarpeted or for those that will be covered with a carpet runner down the center, such as the main staircase in a home with matching hardwood floors. Because it is more porous than oak, pine is the preferred wood for stairs that will be painted.
What kind of wood should I use for outdoor steps?
Two types of wood widely considered the best for outdoor building of any kind are redwood and cedar. This is because they are both naturally resistant to weather damage, are easy to work with, and have a reputation for being long lasting wood even when not treated, stained, or painted.
Is pine too soft for stair treads?
A softwood, pine is suitable for stair treads in your home. Pine is one of many kinds of wood that is ideal to make up the stair treads in your home.
What is a normal step width?
The width of the tread will determine how much of the stair is covered. Stair treads can be as narrow as 22.5 inches or as wide as 36 inches. Wider stair treads are typically used outdoors while narrower designs between 22.5 inches and 30 inches are more commonly used indoors.
What is a standard step size?
Standard Step Height
On average, American architects have used a standard stair height of 7.5 inches. On stairs built inside, the average tread width is 9 inches, while outside treads have an average width of 11 inches.
How much should a step overhang?
Stairs must have an overhang between 3/4″ to 1-1/4” to increase the depth of the step, making it better for descent while maintaining a clear 10-inch going for the ascent. Treads that are 11-inches deep or greater do not require an overhang.
What is the maximum tread depth of a stair?
Stair riser heights shall be 7 inches (178 mm) maximum and 4 inches (102 mm) minimum. Stair tread depths shall be 11 inches (279 mm) minimum. The riser height shall be measured vertically between the leading edges of adjacent treads.
Do you install stair treads or risers first?
When installing stairs, install the riser first, and then the tread. Start at the bottom of the stairs and work your way up, alternating risers and treads. The back of each tread will sit flush against the riser.
What is the minimum stair landing size?
The minimum recommended stair landing length is 36" (or a length and width sufficiently greater than the swing of the door if a wider door is present). This stairway landing or platform dimension is often also expressed as "a minimum of 36-inches in the direction of travel.
How much overhang should a stair nose have?
The nosing on treads, believe it or not, has a code minimum and maximum of how far the nosing projects over the next stair. Nosings are required to overhang a minimum of ¾-in. to a maximum of 1-¼-in. Also the maximum nosing radius cannot exceed 9/16 of an inch.
How thick should plywood be for stairs?
The thickness of your plywood stair treads should be anywhere from 1” to 1 ½” in thickness. It's important to invest in quality plywood. As a rule of thumb, always remember that the fewer stairway stringers you use, the thicker you want your stair treads to be.
How do you make plywood stairs look good?
Paint the surface of the plywood stairs, both the tread and the riser, with a coat of all-in-one paint and primer. Apply paint around the four edges of each tread and riser then paint the center. Brush over the edges a second time to ensure a thick layer of paint is distributed.
Can you use 3/4 plywood stair treads?
If you pulled up the carpet or tiles and discovered a tread that's water-damaged or weak, you can replace it with a new tread that's cut from a sheet of 3/4-inch plywood. The job requires basic carpentry skills and everyday do-it-yourself tools.
What size wood should I use for deck stairs?
Deck stairs are typically made from 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart.
How do I build steps?
What is the best rise and run for stairs?
In my mind, though, the ideal stair rise-run is 7 1/4 by 10 inches. If you have to deviate from this, use the following rules of thumb: Unit rise times unit run (in inches) should equal 72 to 75. Two rises plus one run should equal 24 to 25 inches.
How do I calculate how many steps I need for stairs?
Determining the Rise
You divide the height by 7 inches; if, say, the floor-to-floor distance is 8 feet, 10 inches (or 106 inches), then you'll need 15 treads (106 divided by 7 equals 15.14). Next, you divide the height by the number of treads (15 into 106), producing the exact tread height (7.06 inches).
How do I measure my steps?
Rise/Riser: The rise, or height of a step is measured from the top of one tread to the top of the next tread. It is not the physical height of the riser because this excludes the thickness of the tread. The number of risers, not the number of treads, is used to determine the number of steps that comprise a staircase.
What is the height of a 6 step Stringer?
|What Is Included||1 6-step stair stringer|
|Interior or Exterior||Exterior|
Is Ash a good wood for stairs?
Ash wood is often characterized as a choice wood for building various home projects like wood stairs as well as furniture and wood flooring because of the strength features, not to mention its attractive and clean-looking aesthetic. Ash hardwood is also known to contain elasticity unlike other types of hardwood.
What kind of flooring can you put on stairs?
Select slip-resistant materials that are harmonious in color and design with the upstairs and downstairs room flooring. You can install carpet runners to give traction to your tile staircase. You can also use non-slip treads on your tiled staircase. Treads are rubber mats with an adhesive backing.