What is the heaviest payload sent to space? IIRC the biggest single payload ever launched was Skylab, weighing in at a very hefty 77,000 kg. Especially recalling that the S-II second stage entered orbit as well, making it by some huge margin the largest payload ever orbited (well, not counting the Echo balloons or loose tethers). 2005-Jul-12, 01:25 AM #5
What is a payload in space?
'Payload' was originally a seafaring term for revenue-producing cargo on a ship. In space terms it refers to those elements of the spacecraft specifically dedicated to producing mission data and then relaying that data back to Earth.
What is a payload bay on a space shuttle?
the area inside the space shuttle orbiter where cargo was packed. Sentences: The payload bay doors were opened to help cool the shuttle after it was in orbit. The payload bay held large cargo going to the space station. Return to NASA's Picture Dictionary.
How much weight can rocket carry?
The new rocket will be able to carry about 117,000 pounds (53,000 kilograms) of cargo to orbit - about twice the payload-carrying capability of the space shuttle. The Falcon Heavy would launch more than twice as much weight as the Delta 4 heavy, currently the most powerful rocket in operation.
What is the most flown rocket?
With over 1,900 flights since its debut in 1966, the Soyuz is the most frequently used launch vehicle in the world as of 2021.
Related advise for What Is The Heaviest Payload Sent To Space?
Why is it called payload?
Payload (n.) also pay-load, 1917, from pay + load (n.). Originally the part of a truck's (later an aircraft's) load from which revenue is derived (passengers, cargo, mail); figurative sense of "bombs, etc. carried by a plane or missile" is from 1936.
Why is payload important?
Knowing how much payload your car, truck or SUV can handle is important for safety considerations. Payload is simply any load carried by a vehicle. It also helps you to determine how much you can fit in your vehicle and how many trips you have to take.
What is included in payload?
Your truck's payload capacity refers to all the cargo weight that you can safely add in addition to your truck's empty weight (also known as curb weight). A "payload" could be anything from a truck bed full of garden mulch to five passengers and a week's worth of luggage.
How many payload bay doors open as soon as the shuttle is in space?
Two payload bay doors hinged on either side of the bay, and provided a relatively airtight seal to protect payloads from heating during launch and reentry. Payloads were secured in the payload bay to the attachment points on the longerons.
Where are the payload doors located?
In Orbiter Processing Facility-1 at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida, one of space shuttle Atlantis' payload bay doors is opened by the yellow strongbacks attached.
What is a feeling of weightlessness in orbit called?
In the case of the Earth, the effects are minor, especially on objects of relatively small dimensions (such as the human body or a spacecraft) and the overall sensation of weightlessness in these cases is preserved. This condition is known as microgravity, and it prevails in orbiting spacecraft.
How heavy is a space suit?
A spacesuit weighs approximately 280 pounds on the ground - without the astronaut in it. In the microgravity environment of space, a spacesuit weighs nothing.
How much does the Endeavor space shuttle weigh?
Endeavour is commonly refered to as OV-105, for Orbiter Vehicle-105. Empty Weight was 151,205 lbs at rollout and 172,000 lbs with main engines installed.
What fuel does space shuttle use?
The Space Shuttle's large External Tank is loaded with more than 500,000 gallons of super-cold liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen, which are mixed and burned together to form the fuel for the orbiter's three main rocket engines.
What is the most powerful vehicle ever built?
The Saturn V remains the largest and most powerful U.S. expendable launch vehicle ever built.
Can Falcon Heavy go to Mars?
Without recovery of any stage, the Falcon Heavy can inject a 63.8 t (141,000 lb) payload into a low Earth orbit, or 16.8 t (37,000 lb) to Venus or Mars.
What is the most reliable rocket in the world?
With a curriculum vitae that includes over 1700 manned and unmanned launches, the Soyuz rocket is the most frequently used launch vehicle in the world. The rocket consists of three stages that provide thrust at various points in the flight until the Soyuz capsule finally settles into orbit around the Earth.
How did NASA engineers cheat gravity?
How did NASA engineers cheat gravity? They had a special modified plane that flew in arcs allowing the astronauts to experience no gravity for a few seconds. NASA originally planned to do the first spacewalk on Gemini BLANK.
Why did NASA stop using the Saturn V?
Another reason we're not reusing the Saturn V is the same reason it was cancelled in the first place: cost. The SLS is supposed to be half the cost per launch. Whether that works out remains to be seen. The Saturn V was expensive.
What rocket took us to the moon?
The Apollo 11 Command Module Columbia carried astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, and Michael Collins on their historic voyage to the Moon and back on July 16-24, 1969.
What exactly is a payload?
1 : the load carried by a vehicle exclusive of what is necessary for its operation especially : the load carried by an aircraft or spacecraft consisting of things (such as passengers or instruments) necessary to the purpose of the flight.
What is a maximum payload?
A truck's payload capacity refers to the maximum amount of weight you can safely add to a truck's cargo area in addition to its empty weight (or curb weight).
What is an example of a payload?
Payload is the cargo that produces income, or the bombs or missiles carried by an aircraft. When there are 20 people who paid to go on a plane, these people are an example of the payload. When a bomber has 10 bombs, the bombs are an example of the payload. The revenue-producing part of a cargo.
What happens if you go over payload capacity?
The added pressure on the shocks, suspension system and the wheels will make it more difficult to control the truck. Moreover, when exceeding payload capacity you're at an increased risk of a tire blowout. The undercarriage of the truck might scrape the pavement, causing structural damage to the entire vehicle.
Do passengers count towards payload?
Anything you put inside your vehicle, whether it be cargo or passengers, counts towards the vehicle's payload. The payload capacity of a vehicle, in general, is less than the vehicle's towing capacity because the entire payload weight is weighing down on the vehicle's wheels.
Can you increase payload capacity?
The only way to boost the payload rating is to take weight off the truck: removing the rear seat or bumper, using lighter wheels and/or tires that meet gross axle weight rating requirements, and so on.
Does tongue weight count as payload?
This extra “stuff” is called “payload” and your Payload Capacity refers to all the add-on weight that you can safely add to your vehicle's curb weight, including cargo, passengers, fuel, etc. Tongue weight is also included in that payload capacity weight so be sure to take that into account as well.
Does payload capacity include fuel?
Payload is stated on the door sticker and includes everything your vehicle left the factory with, and a full tank of fuel. Anything beyond that, including a driver or accessories must be deducted from payload.
How can I increase my trucks payload?
Can space shuttle fly moon?
Can the Space Shuttle fly to the Moon? A. No, the Shuttle is designed to travel to low-Earth orbit (within a few hundred miles of the Earth's surface). It does not carry enough propellant to leave Earth orbit and travel to the Moon.
How many space shuttles blew up?
Four fully operational orbiters were initially built: Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, and Atlantis. Challenger and Columbia were destroyed in mission accidents in 1986 and 2003 respectively, killing a total of fourteen astronauts.
Does NASA still fly to space?
U.S. astronauts have continued to access the ISS aboard the Russian Soyuz spacecraft. The start of regular use of the Soyuz began as part of the International Space Station program, with William Shepherd launching on Soyuz TM-31 in October 2000. NASA has continued to take regular flights in the following two decades.
Can there be zero gravity?
Contrary to popular belief, there's no such thing as zero gravity. The earth's gravity keeps the moon in orbit. And astronauts are generally much closer to earth than the moon is, which means that the earth's pull on them has to be much stronger.
Are space suits hot?
Spacesuits are much more than a set of clothes astronauts wear. Spacewalking astronauts face radiation, dust, debris, and extreme temperatures. Temperatures on spacewalks may vary from as cold as minus 250 degrees Fahrenheit to as hot as 250 degrees in the sunlight.