What is motif in molecular biology? Meaning of Motif in Molecular Biology In English the word, motif(borrowed from the French), has a variety of meanings in different areas. The one that is borrowed in molecular biology is that of patterntogether with a hint, perhaps, of emblemor badge. The word patternindicates both repetition and a master mould from which copies are made.
What is motif in protein sequence?
Protein sequence motifs are signatures of protein families and can often be used as tools for the prediction of protein function. A systematically derived motif database is therefore feasible, allowing the classification of the majority of the newly appearing protein sequences into known families.
What is motif in bioinformatics?
In Bioinformatics, a sequence motif is a nucleotide or amino-acid sequence pattern that is widespread and has been proven or assumed to have a biological significance. The problem is to discover the motifs, i.e. what is the order of letters the particular motif is comprised of.
How do you identify motifs?
A motif is a recurring narrative element with symbolic significance. If you spot a symbol, concept, or plot structure that surfaces repeatedly in the text, you're probably dealing with a motif. They must be related to the central idea of the work, and they always end up reinforcing the author's overall message.
What is a motif in chemistry?
Motif: In DNA and RNA a pattern formed by a repeated nucleoside or nucleotide sequence (i.e., in the primary structure). In peptides and proteins a pattern formed by a repeated sequence of amino acids (i.e., in the primary structure), or in the spatial arrangement of the atoms (i.e., in the secondary structure).
Related guide for What Is Motif In Molecular Biology?
What is an example of a motif?
A motif must be repeated throughout a text to be considered a motif. However, the motif may appear in various forms. For example, “death” could be a motif in a literary work. He might write “funeral,” “grave,” “dead,” and so on.
What is a motif in protein?
Protein motifs are small regions of protein three-dimensional structure or amino acid sequence shared among different proteins. They are recognizable regions of protein structure that may (or may not) be defined by a unique chemical or biological function.
What is the function of motif in protein?
Specific sequence motifs usually mediate a common function, such as protein-binding or targeting to a particular subcellular location, in a variety of proteins. Due to their short length and high level of sequence variability most motifs cannot be reliably predicted by computational means.
What do DNA binding motifs do?
The DNA binding proteins have a specific folding pattern which is made of repeated nucleotide sequences called as DNA binding motifs. These motifs permit the binding of DNA binding proteins such as transcription factors to the target sequence. It is composed of recognition region and stabilization region.
What is a motif and domain?
A motif is a short conserved sequence pattern associated with distinct functions of a protein or DNA. It is often associated with a distinct structural site performing a particular function. A domain is also a conserved sequence pattern, defined as an independent functional and structural unit.
What is a motif search?
In the field of computational biology, a planted motif search (PMS) also known as a (l, d)-motif search (LDMS) is a method for identifying conserved motifs within a set of nucleic acid or peptide sequences.
What is motif database?
Homer includes several motif databases that are used to help annotate results and conduct searches for known motifs. HOMER contains a custom motif database based on independent analysis of mostly ChIP-Seq data sets which is heavily utilized in the software.
What are motifs?
Motif is a literary technique that consists of a repeated element that has symbolic significance to a literary work. Sometimes, a motif is a recurring image. Other times, it's a repeated word, phrase, or topic expressed in language. A motif can be a recurring situation or action.
What is a motif in Romeo and Juliet?
A particularly prominent motif in Romeo & Juliet is the imagery of light and darkness. This motif manifests most frequently in night and day, as much of the action in the play happens either at night or in the morning.
What are types of motifs?
Types of Motif
What is motif in solid state chemistry?
The motif is a list of the atoms associated with each lattice point, along with their fractional coordinates relative to the lattice point.
Do all proteins have motifs?
All proteins are made of basic secondary structure units, either α-helix or β-sheets, determined by hydrogen bonding between the amino acids within a peptide chain. On a larger scale, structures are formed by the combination of these secondary structures, and these can form supersecondary structures known as “motifs”.
What is a peptide motif?
Peptide motifs provide a functional interface in a compact module that is structurally and functionally autonomous and can emerge in a polypeptide sequence without much interference with the structural and functional integrity of the rest of the protein.
What is motif and its types?
In art and iconography, a motif ( (pronunciation) (help·info)) is an element of an image. The term can be used both of figurative and narrative art, and ornament and geometrical art. A motif may be repeated in a pattern or design, often many times, or may just occur once in a work.
What are examples of imagery?
Common Examples of Imagery in Everyday Speech
Is theme a main idea?
Main Idea Vs. Theme. The main idea is what the book is mostly about. The theme is the message, lesson, or moral of a book.
How are motifs formed?
It occurs when two regions of the same strand, usually complementary in nucleotide sequence when read in opposite directions, base-pair to form a double helix that ends in an unpaired loop. The resulting structure is a key building block of many RNA secondary structures.
What is a secondary motif?
Supersecondary structures or motifs are particular arrangements and combinations of two or three secondary structures, often with defined topology (or connectivity).
What is the leucine zipper motif?
The leucine zipper (ZIP) motif consists of a periodic repetition of a leucine residue at every seventh position (heptad repeat) and forms an α-helical conformation, which facilitates dimerisation and in some cases higher oligomerisation of proteins by forming a parallel helix–helix association stabilised by formation
What is the function of sequence motif?
A protein sequence motif, or pattern, can be broadly defined as a set of conserved amino acid residues that are important for protein function and are located within a certain distance from each other. These motifs often can provide some clues to the functions of otherwise uncharacterised proteins.
What are the roles of motifs and domains in proteins?
A motif is similar 3-D structure conserved among different proteins that serves a similar function. Domains, on the other hand, are regions of a protein that has a specific function and can (usually) function independently of the rest of the protein. A protein that my lab studies has multiple domains.
How do you identify a protein motif?
What is zinc finger motif?
A zinc finger is a small protein structural motif that is characterized by the coordination of one or more zinc ions (Zn2+) in order to stabilize the fold. It was originally coined to describe the finger-like appearance of a hypothesized structure from the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) transcription factor IIIA.
What are motifs in transcription factors?
In Silico Detection of Transcription Factor Binding Sites. We define TF binding motifs as sets of DNA sequences having high affinity for binding TFs. Each occurrence of a sequence from the binding motif in a genomic region is referred to as a motif instance.
What is a homeodomain protein?
Homeodomain proteins are transcription factors that play major roles in many developmental processes of animals and plants by regulating the expression of other genes during development and differentiation, and are responsible for mating-type switching in yeast.
What is a protein domain vs motif?
A motif in protein structure refers to a chain-like biological structure made up of connectivity between secondary structural elements while a domain in protein structure refers to an independent folding unit of the three-dimensional protein structure.
What is domain genetics?
(doh-MAYN) A specific physical region or amino acid sequence in a protein which is associated with a particular function or corresponding segment of DNA.
Are motifs secondary or tertiary?
Such units of secondary structure groups that are repeatedly found in a variety of proteins are called motifs or supersecondary structures. Motifs are unable to fold independently and often do not perform a specific function, thus discriminating motifs from protein domains. a unique tertiary structure.
What is Copia in bioinformatics?
COPIA (COnsensus Pattern Identification and Analysis)  is a software for finding consensus pattern in protein sequences.
What is motif finding state its importance?
Identification of short repeating patterns in biological sequences, mostly known as motif, is important for understanding the genetic regulatory system of a living being. But weak conservation of motifs makes it an NP-hard problem and poses a challenge in computational biology.
What is motif in drama?
In narrative, a motif. (pronunciation) (help·info) is a distinctive repeating feature or idea; often, it helps develop other narrative (or literary) aspects such as theme or mood.
How do you identify a sequence motif?
PFMs can be experimentally determined from SELEX experiments or computationally discovered by tools such as MEME using hidden Markov models. A position weight matrix (PWM) contains log odds weights for computing a match score. A cutoff is needed to specify whether an input sequence matches the motif or not.
What is a Psi Blast?
Position-Specific Iterative (PSI)-BLAST is a protein sequence profile search method that builds off the alignments generated by a run of the BLASTp program. This process is iteratively continued until desired or until convergence, i.e., the state where no new sequences are detected above the defined threshold.
What is a popular motif in traditional stories?
Often, motifs spring to life through the use of repeated imagery or language. Sounds and visual descriptors can also encapsulate a motif, as they continue to reappear throughout a story. A popular one is the green light used by F. Scott Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby.
What is the purpose of a motif?
Motifs allow authors, writers, and directors to create a more poetic and structured narrative, cluing in readers and audiences to symbols of larger ideas. Motifs are partners to themes, as repetitive images and symbols emphasize the overarching themes of the work.
What are the sources of motif?
Magazines, Catalogues, Books, Photographs, visits to jewellery stores, exhibitions & museums are some other useful sources to generate new motifs, but Flowers, Sun, Moon, Stars, birds & animals are frequently used in Indian Jewellery.